Injuries may be divided into three broad groups – preventable (accidental), intentional and undetermined intent. Most of Injury Facts presents data on preventable injuries, which account for 69% of all injury deaths in the United States. This section investigates intentional injury trends and how they compare to preventable injuries.
Intentional injuries may be divided into four subgroups – intentional self-harm (suicide), assault (homicide), legal intervention and operations of war.
Source:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Multiple Cause of Death 1999-2016 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released December, 2017. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2016, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program.
Intentional self-harm includes suicide and attempted suicide resulting from purposely self-inflicted poisoning or injury. The most common methods of suicide are firearms, hanging, strangulation and suffocation, and poisoning. Suicide accounted for 44,965 deaths, or 19% of all injury-related deaths in 2016.
Assault includes homicide and injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill (excluding legal intervention and operations of war). The most common means of homicide are firearms, sharp objects, and hanging, strangulation and suffocation. Assault deaths totaled 19,362 in 2016, or 8% of all injury-related deaths.
Legal intervention includes legal execution, as well as legal interventions involving firearms, blunt objects, sharp objects and manhandling. Operations of war include injuries to military personnel and civilians caused by war and civil insurrection.
Legal intervention resulted in 549 deaths, while operations of war accounted for 18 deaths; each was less than 1% of the total in 2016.
Operation of war deaths occurring oversees are not included in the data. In the vital statistics system, war deaths (and other deaths) occurring outside the U.S. are counted by the country in which they occurred.