Poisoning, including drug overdoses, is the leading cause of preventable injury-related death in the United States, according to the latest data from the National Center for Health Statistics. A total of 65,773 poisoning deaths occurred in 2019, accounting for about 38% of all preventable injury-related deaths. Poisoning fatalities were the leading cause of preventable injury-related deaths in age groups from 25 to 34 and 55 to 64.
Falls rose to the second leading cause of preventable injury-related death in 2019, overtaking motor vehicle. The last time falls were the second leading cause was in 2001. Falls remained the leading cause of nonfatal preventable injuries in 2019.
Tracking preventable injury-related death starting at birth, suffocation emerges as the leading cause for people younger than 1, overtaken by drowning among the 1 to 4 age group. Motor-vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death from the 5 to 9 to the 15 to 24 age groups. Starting with the 65 to 74 age group, falls become the leading cause of preventable injury-related death.
Exploring the historic trends using the interactive chart, motor-vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death among all ages prior to 2011. Also noteworthy: falls were the second leading cause of death, outnumbering poisoning deaths, prior to 2002.
Falls are the leading cause of nonfatal preventable injuries treated in hospital emergency departments, according to data from the All Injury Program, a cooperative program involving the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission. More than 8.0 million people were treated in an emergency department for fall-related injuries in 2019.
Falls were the leading cause of nonfatal injuries for all age groups, except for the 15- to 24-year-old age group, for which struck by or against an object or person was the leading cause. Struck by or against, overexertion, and motor-vehicle crashes involving occupants were also leading causes for most age groups.
Use the interactive chart to explore how leading causes of nonfatal injuries have changed over time.
- Data Table