Exposure to Harmful Substances

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

Detailed nonfatal data over 2021-2022

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has transitioned from an annual to a biennial (every two years) publication schedule. The final publication of a single year of cases involving days away from work estimates was for reference year 2020. BLS now publishes detailed data covering 2021 and 2022 for Days Away from Work (DAFW), Days of Job Transfer or Restriction (DJTR), and Days Away from Work, Job Restriction, or Transfer (DART) cases.

From 2011 through 2020, annual estimates are available for the number of DAFW cases (with or without days of restricted work activity). Starting in 2021, biennial estimates are available for DAFW, DJTR, and DART cases. No changes have been made regarding fatality estimates, which continue to be available annually. This page highlights both DAFW and DART, as well as fatality, estimates. The latest estimate period available for nonfatal data reflects cases occurring in 2021 and 2022. Because DAFW data transitioned from annual reporting to biennial reporting in 2021, care should be used when comparing trends. Use this interactive chart to explore trends in exposure to harmful substances or environments for fatal and nonfatal injuries. Injury demographics in 2021-2022 show that 63.7% of DART cases occur to females, while 8.7% of fatalities in 2022 are females. In 2021-2022, 85.6% of DART cases were related to COVID-19 illness. In contrast, 69.4% of the fatalities in 2022 related to poisoning, toxic, noxious, or allergenic effects (including drug overdoses). Use the filters to further explore injury trends by industry, occupation, part of body injured, and nature or type of injury.

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