The National Safety Council estimates 438 people may die on U.S. roads this New Year’s Day holiday period. Holidays traditionally are a time of travel for families across the United States. Many choose car travel, which has the highest fatality rate of any major form of transportation based on fatalities per passenger mile. Holidays also often are cause for celebrations involving alcohol consumption, a major contributing factor to motor vehicle crashes.
New Year’s Day is observed on January 1. The New Year’s Day holiday period varies from 1.25 to 4.25 days in length, depending on which day of the week the holiday falls. In 2019, New Year’s Day falls on a Tuesday, so the holiday period is 4.25 days and extends from 6 p.m. Friday, December 28, 2018 to 11:59 p.m. Tuesday, January 1, 2019.
Visit the Holiday Introduction page for a list of 2018 holiday periods and their definitions.
National Safety Council Estimate
There is uncertainty associated with any estimate. The 90% confidence interval for the estimate of traffic deaths this holiday is 364 to 522. This chart shows NSC New Year’s Day holiday fatality estimates and confidence intervals compared to the actual number of deaths.
- Data Table
Source: Estimates and confidence intervals are calculated by the National Safety Council; actual deaths reflect NSC analysis of National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Fatality Analysis Reporting System data
A medically consulted injury is an injury serious enough that a medical professional was consulted. Based on the current medically consulted injury to death ratio of 114:1 and rounded to the nearest hundred, the estimate of nonfatal medically consulted injuries that will result from crashes during the holiday period is 49,900, with a 90% confidence interval of 41,400 to 59,500.
Lives saved with seat belts
Studies show seat belts, when used, are 45% effective in preventing fatalities among front-seat passenger car occupants (see note below for more detail). An estimated 171 lives may be saved this New Year’s Day holiday period because vehicle occupants wear their safety belts. An additional 103 lives could be saved if everyone wears safety belts.
Nationwide, alcohol-impaired fatalities (involving blood-alcohol content of 0.08 g/dL or higher) in 2017 represented 29% of the total traffic fatalities. During the 2016 New Year’s Day holiday period, 36% of fatalities involved an alcohol-impaired driver. This chart shows the historic trend of the percent of fatalities involving an alcohol-impaired driver.
- Data Table
Note: Highest blood-alcohol concentration among drivers or motorcycle riders involved in the crash was 0.08 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or higher. The holiday periods used to calculate the percentages conform to the NHTSA holiday period definitions that add another quarter day to the periods used for the NSC estimate.
Although the reduction in the risk of fatal injury from wearing seat belts is higher for light-truck occupants at 50%, the lower figure for passenger car occupants is used in the calculations here as the more conservative measure. The most recent data from FARS indicate that seat belt use by fatally injured passenger car and light truck occupants was 47.6%.