Monthly Preliminary Motor-Vehicle Fatality Estimates – April 2022
April motor-vehicle deaths down 11% from 2021
Because of COVID-19-related impacts, the number of miles driven in 2020 decreased 13.2% compared to 2019. Now with the country reopened, the number of miles driven in April 2022 increased 1.5% compared to April 2021 but still down 3.8% from 2019 (pre-pandemic norm). The number of deaths for April 2022 are estimated to be 3,460. This preliminary estimate is down 11% compared to 2021 but up 35% compared to 2020. As shown in the chart below, April marks the first month in 2022 with deaths below 2021 levels. However, deaths are still trending significantly above 2020 counts. The decrease in number of deaths this April occurred even as miles driven increased compared to April 2021, resulting in a monthly mileage death rate decrease of 12.0%. The mileage death rate per 100 million vehicle miles driven for April 2022 is 1.32, compared to 1.50 in April 2021, 1.52 in April 2020, and 1.13 in April 2019.
Mileage source: Federal Highway Administration
- Data Table
Through April 2022, motor-vehicle deaths decreased by more than 10% in 11 states and the District of Columbia compared to the first four months of 2021:
- Rhode Island (-13 deaths, -59%)
- North Dakota (-10 deaths, -36%)
- Montana (-23 deaths, -33%)
- South Dakota (-12 deaths, -29%)
- Arizona (-88 deaths, -26%)
- Minnesota (-22 deaths, -20%)
- District of Columbia (-3 deaths, -19%)
- Arkansas (-33 deaths, -16%)
- Kansas (-13 deaths, -13%)
- Michigan (-41 deaths, -13%)
- Mississippi (-32 deaths, -13%)
- Oklahoma (-20 deaths, -12%)
Ten states experienced an increase of 25% or greater compared to 2021:
- Delaware (+22 deaths, +88%)
- Hawaii (+16 deaths, +57%)
- Vermont (+7 deaths, +50%)
- Nebraska (+26 deaths, +45%)
- Maine (+12 deaths, +39%)
- Washington (+54 deaths, +36%)
- Connecticut (+29 deaths, +35%)
- Wisconsin (+39 deaths, +32%)
- Virginia (+57 deaths, +25%)
- Iowa (+18 deaths, +25%)
The line chart compares the 2022 monthly fatality trends against the 2021 and 2020 trends. Adjust the filter to select which years to compare. In April 2022, 34 states and the District of Columbia reported fewer deaths compared to April 2021 preliminary reports, 1 state reported the same number of deaths, 15 states reported more deaths in April 2022 than April 2021. Please use the data table to view detailed state preliminary estimates.
- Data Table
NSC preliminary motor-vehicle fatality estimates do not include U.S. territories.
How the National Safety Council Calculates Crash Fatality Estimates
The National Safety Council (NSC) collects preliminary motor-vehicle fatality estimates from data reporters in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. State data reporters generally work in state Department of Transportation offices and are often the same individuals responsible for providing data to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
Each month, state data reporters provide a first estimate for the previous month’s fatalities and updated estimates for all previously reported months.
NSC maintains a three-year database of all state motor-vehicle fatality estimate reports. Using January as an example, the NSC database includes the January estimate first reported in February, as well as any updated January estimates reported in March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December.
Fatality estimates tend to mature over the course of the year. Numbers often increase as fatalities are confirmed. Because of the maturation of the data, NSC calculates year-to-year percent change estimates by comparing monthly motor-vehicle estimates of comparable maturity.
To calculate national fatality estimates, percent change estimates are multiplied by the most recently available final motor-vehicle fatality estimates reported by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Therefore, NSC estimates reflect the NCHS definition of motor-vehicle fatalities as both traffic and non-traffic deaths that occur within a year of the incident. Since NHTSA counts only traffic deaths that occur within 30 days of the incident, NSC motor-vehicle fatality estimates are not comparable to NHTSA figures.
All state level data are displayed as reported by each state. All fatality estimates are preliminary. To ensure proper comparisons, 2021 state fatality estimates are preliminary figures covering the same reporting period as those for 2022. In other words, preliminary 2022 estimates are compared to preliminary 2021 and 2020 estimates, even if updated estimates are available.