Monthly Preliminary Motor-Vehicle Fatality Estimates – August 2020
August motor-vehicle deaths up 12% from last year
Because of COVID-19-related impacts, the number of miles driven in the first eight months of 2020 decreased 15.3% compared to 2019. The number of miles driven in August 2020 decreased 12.3% compared to August 2019. Deaths for 2020 to date total 26,260. This preliminary estimate is up 4% compared to the first eight months of 2019. Motor-vehicle deaths in August 2020 totaled 4,010. This preliminary estimate is up 12% from August 2019. August marks the third consecutive monthly increase following three straight months of decreases during the COVID-19-related shutdowns. The increasing deaths combined with the large decrease in miles driven results in a monthly mileage death rate increase of 28.0% compared to August 2019. The mileage death rate per 100 million vehicle miles driven for August 2020 is 1.60, compared to 1.25 in 2019.
Mileage source: Federal Highway Administration
The estimated cost of motor-vehicle deaths, injuries, and property damage through August was $296.2 billion.
- Data Table
Through August, motor-vehicle deaths in 2020 decreased by 10 or more in eight states compared to the first seven months last year:
- Idaho (-30 deaths, -19%)
- Wyoming (-30 deaths, -28%)
- California (-29 deaths, -1%)
- Oregon (-29 deaths, -9%)
- New Mexico (-18 deaths, -7%)
- Hawaii (-13 deaths, -18%)
- Alabama (-12 deaths, -2%)
- Maine (-10 deaths, -8%)
Eight states experienced an increase of more than 35 deaths:
- North Carolina (+145 deaths, +16%)
- Texas (+99 deaths, +4%)
- Arkansas (+85 deaths, +25%)
- Missouri (+84 deaths, +15%)
- Louisiana (+62 deaths, +14%)
- Michigan (+61 deaths, +10%)
- Ohio (+45 deaths, +6%)
- Tennessee (+38 deaths, +5%)
The line chart compares the 2020 monthly fatality trends against the 2019 trends through August. In August 2020, 13 states reported fewer deaths compared to August 2019 preliminary reports, New Hampshire reported no change, and 36 states and the District of Columbia reported more deaths this August than last August. Please use the data table to view detailed state preliminary estimates.
- Data Table
How the National Safety Council Calculates Crash Fatality Estimates
The National Safety Council (NSC) collects preliminary motor-vehicle fatality estimates from data reporters in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. State data reporters generally work in state Department of Transportation offices and are often the same individuals responsible for providing data to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
Each month, state data reporters provide a first estimate for the previous month’s fatalities and updated estimates for all previously reported months.
NSC maintains a three-year database of all state motor-vehicle fatality estimate reports. Using January as an example, the NSC database includes the January estimate first reported in February, as well as any updated January estimates reported in March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December.
Fatality estimates tend to mature over the course of the year. Numbers often increase as fatalities are confirmed. Because of the maturation of the data, NSC calculates year-to-year percent change estimates by comparing monthly motor-vehicle estimates of comparable maturity.
To calculate national fatality estimates, percent change estimates are multiplied by the most recently available final motor-vehicle fatality estimates reported by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Therefore, NSC estimates reflect the NCHS definition of motor-vehicle fatalities as both traffic and non-traffic deaths that occur within a year of the incident. Since NHTSA counts only traffic deaths that occur within 30 days of the incident, NSC motor-vehicle fatality estimates are not comparable to NHTSA figures.
All state level data are displayed as reported by each state. All fatality estimates are preliminary. To ensure proper comparisons, 2019 state fatality estimates are preliminary figures covering the same reporting period as those for 2020. In other words, preliminary 2020 estimates are compared to preliminary 2019 estimates, even if updated estimates are available.